Kashmir (East)/ Cashmere (West)/ Kashir(Local) is considered to be one of the most beautiful place on
the planet. It is a fairyland of dancing streams, scintillating rivers, clear blue lakes and
boundless forests with beautiful Pine, Deodar and Chinar trees, mountains full of snow, enormous
glaciers, lush green meadows, marvellous waterfalls and beautiful orchards. The landscape is
stunningly beautiful. It is well deservedly called the “Paradise on earth” and “Switzerland of The
Kashmir Valley is a unique oval plain with the dimensions of 135kms and 32kms. The valley lies
nestled in the Pir Panjal range of the Himalayas. The average altitude of the Valley is around
1,800m. The place is exquisitely beautiful, surrounded by varied mountains. The mountains vary in
form, height and colour.Harmukh, with an altitude of 5,150m, stands to the east. It isan
intimidating mountain range guarding the Indus valley. Gwasha Brari (5,425), Mahadev and the
Amarnath peak (5,280m) lie in to the South. On the south-west is the Pir-Panjal range with peaks
4,500m high. Karakorams and the Himalayan ranges, including the imposing Nanga Parbat (7,980m) lies
to the north.Nanga Parbat remains covered with snow round the year and are the fifth highest peak in
the world. It is also named Diamir, the King of mountains.
Climate in Kashmir is delightfully pleasant. The place has a severe winter, moderate summer
and pleasant spring and winter. Kashmir has probably the best climate of the state. Its
weather is largely regulated by the Himalayas, surrounding mountains and the water bodies.
It has four clearly demarcated seasons with distinct features. Each season is moderate and
beautiful. The temperature in winters may go down to -15°C in the hilly areas, while as the
plains have a comparatively better temperature at -5 to -8°C. The local people wear woollen
cloths and a long gown known as Pheranto save them from the chill. They also use a portable
fire pot, Kangrito keep warm. The month of July is the hottest month with the temperature
going up to just above 30°C in the plains, while the upper reaches remain comparatively
cooler? From the heat in the plains, Chinar trees come to the rescue. These huge giant-size
trees give a wonderful cool shade in the hottest part of summer, so much that you
occasionally get chills under them. Autumn and spring have warm days and cool nights. The
valley receives rains during the spring season.
Water is in plenty in Kashmir valley. Mountains covered with snow round the year originate
many lakes, rivers, springs and streams that traverse the length and breadth of the Vale of
Kashmir. The water of these lakes and rivers is clear and beautiful. These waterbodies adorn
the land of the region, adding to its unmatched beauty.
The major river that flows through the Valley of Kashmir is River Jhelum. The river
traverses through major parts of the valley before entering Pakistan.
The Lakes are Dal Lake, Manasbal Lake, Nagin Lake, Wullar Lake.
Kashmir enjoys a unique combination of forests, meadows, lakes and mountains. The valley is surrounded by majestic peaks on all sides. The state is located in the Pir-Panjal range of the Himalayas. The Himalayan range has the world’s highest peaks including Mount Everest. The peaks of the valley give it a unique charm making it more beautiful than Switzerland. These peaks have a great geographical significance in Kashmir. Most of these peaks remain covered with snow throughout the year. The major peaks situated in Kashmir Valley are: Harmukh Mountain, Amarnath Mountain, Tosamaidan, Afarwat, Pir Panjal Range.