he Jammu Province is another division of the State of Jammu and Kashmir. Often
confused with its city, Province essentially consists of ten districts, including the city. It
covers an area of 20.36 sq.kms.The province is located between the ‘regions of the outer hills’
towards the South of Kashmir. It is closely connected with Punjab and Himachal Pradesh states of
India. Three major rivers flow through the province - River Tawi in the eastern region, Jhelum in
the west and River Chenab flows from the mountains into the plains near the town of Akhnur. It then
flows through the Jammu district and eventually enters the plains of the Punjab in Pakistan.
Jammu is separated from Kashmir Valley by the PirPanjal range of mountains, the
highest point being in Patnitop. Most of the land is hilly or mountainous, comprised of the Shivalik
Range. Great Himalayas lie towards the east in the districts of Doda and Kishtwar. Kashmir is
located to the north of Jammu, Ladakh is located to the east and Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the
south. On the west lies Pakistan Occupied Kashmir, separated by the Line of Control.
Jammu is a sub-tropical area of the state, with the hottest temperature of the three
divisions. The climate of the Jammu division resembles that of Punjab. The climatic
conditions prevailing over Jammu region vary from one part to another. The climate of
southern plains and adjacent Shivaliks resemble the weather of Punjab with hot summers
coupled with monsoon rains and cool winters. On the other hand the climate of mountainous
tracts and lee-ward slopes resembles the weather of Kashmir Valley. Seasonal monsoon winds
have their impact on the weather of Jammu region. On the basis of distribution of annual
rainfall and temperature, a year in the region has been divided into three seasons.
If Kashmir valley and Ladakh province are beautiful, Jammu is not an exception. The division
is also a very beautiful place and receives a number of tourists each year. Like the other
parts of the state of Jammu Kashmir, It too abounds in natural water bodies. There are a
number of lakes and rivers inthe province. These rivers and lakes are beautiful and much of
the division dwells on the banks of these rivers. The main river that flows in Jammu is the
The Lakes are River Chenab, Tawi, Mansar Lake, Surinsar Lake.
Jammu, being a part of the state J&K too has a number of high peaks. The state of Jammu
Kashmir is the northernmost state of India and a number of mighty mountains of the Himalayan
range lie in the state. The region too has got a fair share of peaks. The division is
separated from Kashmir division is separated from each other by the PirPanjal Range of
highlands. The highway from Jammu to Srinagar goes along the mighty foothills with the fiery
waters of River Chenab running on one side. The highest point of the drive is in Patnitop.
There are a number of mountains throughout division. Almost every district has some
highlands. Some of the famous massifs of province are the Brammah, Sickle Moon Peak or the
Bharanzar Peak, Shivalik Range etc.